The gentle climate of the island of Lošinj is seen in its richness of plant types. According to research, 1018 plant types were identified, of which 939 belong to the autochthonous flora. 230 of these plans fall under medical herbs. About 80 types of plants, mainly exotic plants, were brought from other parts of the world by masters and sailors from Lošinj, who planted them in and around their home gardens.
The island through history and tourism development:
The first island settlements started in the 1280. where Veli lošinj is today, when 12 families settled on the hill of St. Nicolas led by Obrad Harnović. After that a number of immigrants established a settlement in today's bay St. Martin. In 1398. the names Velo and Malo selo (big and small villlage) are mentioned